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Page written and reviewed by Mary P. McGowan, MD, FNLA

  1. “Lipoprotein(a) levels in normal pregnancy and in pregnancy complicated with pre-eclampsia.” Journal Atherosclerosis. Online:
  2. “Searching for a common mechanism for placenta-mediated pregnancy complications and cardiovascular disease: role of lipoprotein(a).” Journal of Fertility and Sterility. Online:
  3. “Is stillbirth associated with long-term atherosclerotic morbidity?” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Online:
  4. “Cardiovascular disease risk in women with pre-eclampsia: systematic review and meta-analysis.” European Journal of Epidemiology. Online:
  5. “2018 AHA/ACC/AACVPR/AAPA/ ABC/ACPM/ADA/AGS/APhA/ASPC/ NLA/PCNA Guideline on the Management of Blood Cholesterol.” Journal of the American College of Cardiology. Online: